The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has found a new influenza type A virus in fruit bats in Guatemala. It is believed that the virus does not pose a threat to humans in its current form. However, more research is being done to ensure that the virus does not develop genetic material, which is possible in the case of bats, and evolve as a threat to the human health in the future.
The absence of flu virus genetic material of humans in the bat flu virus is the reason for the virus not being a threat to the human health. However, the natural process of genetic reassortment can prove to be very harmful and dangerous for the human health. Genetic reassortment involves the interaction of different viruses when they are attacking the same host. During this process, genetic material is exchanged between the viruses. This phenomenon can prove to be very harmful and dangerous for human health in the future.
Initial investigation in this matter states that the bat flu virus shows compatibility with the human flu virus. However, the process of genetic reassortment involves various complexities and the genetic structure of the virus will have to change quite a lot to develop those genes and be capable of spreading easily and infect human beings. The bat flu virus will take no time in emerging as a threat to the human health and evolving with genetic properties of a human flu virus, if it gets the opportunity for genetic reassortment. The process of genetic reassortment can only occur if the bat flu virus is capable of infecting other animals at the same time as the human flu virus. Other animals which can interact with the human flu virus and the bat flu virus at the same time are the domestic animals such as dogs or pigs.
According to the study related to this topic, the virus has only been found in the fruit bats. This is a common species in the continent of South America. These bats do not interact with the humans, but it is possible that the virus can be transmitted into human beings via other sources of nature. Fruits and vegetables which are consumed by human beings and other animals are a common source of transmission of viruses from various animals to human beings. If this happens, it will not be good news for the human health.